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  • Indoor air pollutants, ventilation rate determinants and ...

    2017-5-15 · (Dimitroulopoulou, 2012) reviewed ventilation data in European dwellings, and the results show that although occupants generally think that ventilation is important, their understanding of the ventilation systems is low, often resulting to under-ventilated homes (lower than 0.5 h − 1, which is currently a standard in many European countries).

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  • Front. Energy

    China became the world’s second largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) importer in 2018 but has faced extremely high import costs due to a lack of bargaining power. Assessments of the Shanghai LNG Price Index, first released in 2015, are vital for improving the understanding of these cost dynamics.

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  • Oceanic and terrestrial sources of continental ...

    [1] The most important sources of atmospheric moisture at the global scale are herein identified, both oceanic and terrestrial, and a characterization is made of how continental regions are influenced by water from different moisture source regions. The methods used to establish source-sink relationships of atmospheric water vapor are reviewed, …

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  • LNG Safety and Security Aspects - ScienceDirect

    2014-1-1 · Natural gas has an auto-ignition temperature of 540o C, which is higher than most other fuels (e.g., diesel at 280 o C, premium grade gasoline at 400 o C, propane at 468 o C). If ignited, LNG presents four potential fire risk scenarios: vapor cloud flash fire, jet fire, pool fire, and vapor cloud explosion. •.

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  • (PDF) Liquefed Natural Gas for Europe–Some Important ...

    alternative to pipeline ship ments and supplies, is seen as a way to secure and. diversify natural gas imports in the EU 1. The purpose of this study is …

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  • Carbon capture and storage (CCS): the way forward -

    Captured carbon had a total burial cost of £19 per t CO 2 to cover all downstream costs as in the reports by PB. 95,96 Other commodity costs were gas at 75 p per therm and biomass at £23.23 per MWh thermal HHV basis, making biomass-fuelled power plants slightly more expensive than a combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) at full load.

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  • (PDF) Gas sweetening process

    4. If the stripper pressure is higher, the overall BTEX emissions are lower. 10.0 Bulk CO2 removal technology by membrane unit: Of late membranes have found their use in bulk removal of CO2 from natural gas. As high as 30% CO2 concentration in natural gas has been reported to be successfully processed in membrane units to reduce CO2 content~ …

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  • Microbial engineering for the production of advanced ...

    2012-8-15 · Ubersax, J. & Platt, D. Genetically modified microbes producing isoprenoids patent world 1,414,52 A1 (2010). 44 Peralta-Yahya, P. P. et al. Identification and microbial production of a terpene ...

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  • A review on commercial-scale high-value products that

    2019-10-8 · The demand for fossil derivate fuels and chemicals has increased, augmenting concerns on climate change, global economic stability, and sustainability on fossil resources. Therefore, the production of fuels and chemicals from alternative and renewable resources has attracted considerable and growing attention. Ethanol is a …

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  • US8381544B2 - Method for liquefaction of natural gas ...

    A method of altering the heating value of a liquefied natural gas by adding higher heating value components is disclosed. A portion of the liquefied natural gas is used to cool the higher heating value component stream prior to combining the higher heating value components with the liquefied natural gas to obtain a combined stream having a heating value greater than the liquefied natural gas.

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  • Review of impacts of gas qualities with regard to

    2019-1-11 · For these reasons, the gas quality of natural gas is expected to change more often and over wider ranges (e.g. [7, 10]). The use of unconventional gases is an emerging area of interest within the process industry (e.g. gasification of waste) [11, 12]. Instead of combusting these gases without useful effect (as flare flames) they could be ...

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  • The Arctic ice melting confirms the new theory

    2018-10-5 · The Sartori equations for laminar, mixed and fully turbulent air flows for evaporation are the only equations for evaporation that can calculate all the cases of mass transfer that can occur when a water surface is exposed to the air (Sartori 1987, 1996, 2000, 2003), that is, when: (1) t w >t a >t d Higher evaporation (2) t a >t w >t d Lower …

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  • Economic overview - The World Factbook

    2021-8-26 · Hydrocarbons have long been the backbone of the economy, accounting for roughly 30% of GDP, 60% of budget revenues, and nearly 95% of export earnings. Algeria has the 10th-largest reserves of natural gas in the world - including the 3rd-largest reserves of shale gas - and is the 6th-largest gas exporter. It ranks 16th in proven oil …

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  • Oceanic and terrestrial sources of continental ...

    [1] The most important sources of atmospheric moisture at the global scale are herein identified, both oceanic and terrestrial, and a characterization is made of how continental regions are influenced by water from different moisture source regions. The methods used to establish source-sink relationships of atmospheric water vapor are reviewed, …

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  • Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate

    Direct radiative forcing from all present-day sources of black carbon (including preindustrial background sources) is estimated to be +0.88 W m −2 with 90% uncertainty bounds of +0.17 to +1.48 W m −2. This value is 24% larger than industrial-era forcing because of appreciable preindustrial emissions from open burning and biofuel use.

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  • Stable isotopes in atmospheric water vapor and ...

    1 Introduction. Stable isotopes have been used in hydrology since the late 1950s and early 1960s, beginning with the pioneering studies of Dansgaard [1954, 1964] and others.Until recently, such studies were restricted primarily to investigations of the isotopic composition of precipitation, which integrate the history of the atmospheric hydrologic cycle from evaporation …

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  • Spatiotemporal change of diurnal temperature range

    As a result, DTR decreased slightly at the rate of 0.035°C/decade from 1990 to 2011 (Figure 2), indicating that DTR has reached a stable stage since 1990 in China. During the entire study period, DTR for China as a whole decreased at a rate of 0.157°C/decade from 1962 to 2011. This is lower than the result of Liu et al.

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  • (PDF) Gas sweetening process

    4. If the stripper pressure is higher, the overall BTEX emissions are lower. 10.0 Bulk CO2 removal technology by membrane unit: Of late membranes have found their use in bulk removal of CO2 from natural gas. As high as 30% CO2 concentration in natural gas has been reported to be successfully processed in membrane units to reduce CO2 content~ …

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  • US20030005698A1 - LNG regassification process and

    A system for vaporizing liquefied natural gas (LNG) utilizes the residual cooling capacity of LNG to condense the working fluid of a power producing work producing cycle and chills liquids that are used in a direct-contact heat transfer system to cool air. The cold air is used to supply air to a combustion gas turbine operating in conjunction with a …

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  • Liquefied Gas Handling Principles - Документ

    2013-11-16 · Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas is transported either by pipeline as a gas or by sea in its liquefied form as LNG. Natural gas comes from underground deposits as described in 1.2.1. Its …

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  • A review of global terrestrial evapotranspiration ...

    [1] This review surveys the basic theories, observational methods, satellite algorithms, and land surface models for terrestrial evapotranspiration, E (or λE, i.e., latent heat flux), including a long-term variability and trends perspective.The basic theories used to estimate E are the Monin-Obukhov similarity theory (MOST), the Bowen ratio method, …

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  • IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science

    The Fourth International Conference on Energy Engineering and Environmental Protection (EEEP2019) was successfully held in Xiamen, China during November 19-21, 2019. The conference was an annual forum for researchers and application developers in the area of energy engineering and environmental protection.

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  • Advances in Solar‐Driven Hygroscopic Water Harvesting ...

    Advantages: good water quality, large water production. Challenges: large energy consumption, immature technology, high cost. 162 kWh m −3: Factory system: Solar-driven system [21, 26, 27] Advantages: solar-driven, low dew point, portable. Challenges: low water production, maintenance. 1.0–2.89 kg m −2 d −1: Universal applications

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  • Stable isotopes in atmospheric water vapor and ...

    Using in situ continuous observations spanning more than a full year from the Bermuda Islands and Iceland, a near perfect agreement with Merlivat and Jouzel was achieved (see Table 4) with slope of −0.426 ± 0.004‰(d-excess)/RH sst (Bermuda Islands) and −0.466 ± 0.013‰(d-excess) /RH sst (Iceland) [Steen-Larsen et al., 2015, 2014a ...

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  • (PDF) Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and

    Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing, Second Edition. Marcos Páez Niño. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 27 Full PDFs related to this paper. Read Paper. Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing, Second Edition.

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  • Glossary

    A petrochemical plant which produces olefins, particularly ethylene, and, in some cases, aromatics. A thermal electricity generating plant which creates steam to drive a turbine. The theory of stochastics is based on the premise that prices close nearer the high in an uptrend, and nearer the low in a downtrend.

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  • Chapter 1

    2016-9-24 · cubic metres b From UN IPCC 95% confidence intervals Lower upper Natural gas 39.02 48.0 46.5 50.4 Coke oven gas 17.59 38.7 19.6 77.0 Blast furnace gas 4.00 2.47 1.20 5.00 Refinery gas c 46.1 Gasworks gas 17.59 38.7 19.6 77.0 Biogas 20.0 Methane 33.5 Ethane 59.5 Propane 85.8 Isobutane 108.0 Butane 111.8 Pentane 134.0 Source: …

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  • LIQUIFIED NATURAL GAS LNG ENERGY FUELS MARPOL

    2019-8-19 · A natural gas vehicle or NGV is an alternative fuel vehicle that uses compressed natural gas (CNG) or liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a cleaner alternative to other fossil fuels. Natural gas vehicles should not be confused with vehicles powered by propane (LPG), which is a fuel with a fundamentally different composition.

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  • Bangladesh - United States Department of State

    Bangladesh’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) stock was 16.9 billion in 2019, with the United States being the top investing country with 3.5 billion in accumulated investments. Bangladesh received 1.6 billion FDI in 2019. The rate of FDI inflows was only 0.53 percent of GDP, one of the lowest of rates in Asia.

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  • LNG - What Is It

    2013-5-18 · Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4) that has been converted to liquid form for ease of storage or transport. Liquefied natural gas takes up about 1/600th the volume of natural gas in the gaseous state. It is odorless, colorless, non-toxic and non-corrosive. Hazards include flammability, freezing and …

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  • Effect of coating mild steel with CNTs on its

    2017-3-3 · The observed trend may be attributed to high rate of evaporation of the CNT/GA/water slurry from the coated mild steel as well as the dissociation of carbon at higher temperature. All the treated samples experienced yielding during the tensile strength test. The average of the upper and lower yield strengths were presented in …

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  • Regulatory Impact Analysis: Control of Emissions of

    ----- Regulatory Impact Analysis Table of Contents Executive Summary Chapter 1: Industry Characterization 1.1 Introduction 1-2 1.2 Marine Transportation Sector 1-2 1.3 Marine Vessels 1-7 1.4 The Marine Transportation Sector 1-10 1.5 Marine Fuels 1-11 Chapter 2: Air Quality and Resulting Health and Welfare Effects 2.1 Background on Pollutants …

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  • The topology of fullerenes - Schwerdtfeger - 2015 -

    The smallest of these unspiralable fullerenes is C 380 - T. 61 Manolopoulos et al., 60 Fowler et al., 62 Yoshida et al., 63 and Brinkmann et al. 64 compiled lists of non-spiral fullerenes with up to 1000 atoms and selected point groups (all T +, all isolated pentagon triple (IPT) fullerenes with D 2 and T symmetry, all D 3 +, and all truncated ...

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  • ALICE: Physics Performance Report, Volume I -

    2004-10-19 · While the ideal gas value c s 2 = 1/3 is almost reached at T = 2T c, the velocity of sound reduces to c s 2 0.1 at T c . In a hydrodynamic description of the expansion of a hot and dense medium this will lead to a slow-down of the expansion for temperatures in the vicinity of the transition temperature.

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  • Profile of the Inorganic Chemical Industry

    ----- Sector Notebook Project Inorganic Chemicals EPA/310-R-95-004 EPA Office of Compliance Sector Notebook Project Profile of the Inorganic Chemical Industry September 1995 Office of Compliance Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 401 M St., SW (MC 2221-A) Washington, DC …

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  • The Fundamental Principle of our business: Pyrolysis

    So, for birch, it ranges from 0.51 to 0.74: for pine, from 0.31 to 0.71: for spruce, from 0.35 to 0.60 (for bone-dry wood). The specific gravity of wood taken from different parts of the same tree is not uniform: at the base of the branches it is largest, in the root greater than at the crown, and in the heartwood greater than in sapwood.

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  • The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2017 (HTML)

    2017-9-12 · The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2017 (WNISR2017) provides a comprehensive overview of nuclear power plant data, including information on operation, production and construction. The WNISR assesses the status of new-build programs in current nuclear countries as well as in potential newcomer countries. The WNISR2017 …

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  • Sampling pore water at a centimeter resolution in

    2020-12-20 · Estimated advective recirculation flows are on the order of 0.7 ± 0.5 m 3 s −1 or 1.3 ± 1.0 cm d −1 (Tamborski et al. 2018). Nutrient fluxes at the SWI have been deduced from these values and the nutrient concentration measured in the pore water (Rodellas et al. 2018 ).

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  • US8381544B2 - Method for liquefaction of natural gas

    A method of altering the heating value of a liquefied natural gas by adding higher heating value components is disclosed. A portion of the liquefied natural gas is used to cool the higher heating value component stream prior to combining the higher heating value components with the liquefied natural gas to obtain a combined stream having a heating value greater than the liquefied natural gas.

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  • China: Is peak coal part of its problem?

    2016-6-20 · The one place where natural gas prices failed to follow the same pattern as oil and coal prices was in the United States. After 2008, shale producers extracted more natural gas for the US market than it could easily absorb. This overproduction, together with a lack of export capacity, led to falling US prices.

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  • Most popular Provide cheap and high-quality spare parts

    Company profile - Guangzhou Qilin Environmental . 2021-8-2 · Autogrip Machinery Co., Ltd., formerly the Chia Her Machinery Co., Ltd., is a Taiwanese manufacturer of rotary cylinders, since its inception in 1989, concentrated on the production of high-precision products to achieve differentiation, as well as steadily improving product quality and …

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  • Eia & Emp Report

    2021-8-26 · The distillery industry today consists broadly of two parts, one potable liquor and the industrial alcohol including anhydrous ethanol for blending with petrol. The potable industry producing Indian Made Foreign Liquor and Country Liquor has a steady but limited demand with a growth rate of about 7-10 per cent per annum.

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  • (PDF) Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia

    Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers.

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  • Green and Eco-Friendly Stocks Directory with Air Control ...

    dynaCERT Inc. produces and sells a technology for reducing CO2 emissions that is used in internal combustion engines. As part of the …

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  • EAC Economic Impact of Shale Gas Report-FINAL

    2014-5-12 · comparable to gas extracted from conventional sources (199–207 g CO2e/kWh(th)), and lower than the carbon footprint of Liquefied Natural Gas (233–270g CO2e/kWh(th)). 199 E.ON. 200 MacKay, D. and Stone, T. (2013), Op. Cit. The report found that when shale gas is used for electricity

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  • Frontiers

    Semiconductor metal oxides (SMOxs) are widely used in gas sensors due to their excellent sensing properties, abundance, and ease of manufacture. The best examples of these sensing materials are SnO2 and TiO2 that …

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  • A review on removal of siloxanes from biogas: with a ...

    2018-9-5 · The occurrence of siloxanes is a major barrier to use of biogas as renewable energy source, and removal of siloxanes from biogas before combustion is needed. The siloxane can be transformed into silicon dioxide (SiO2) through the combustion process in engine, which will be deposited on the spark plug, cylinder, and impeller to form the …

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  • Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Tacrolimus

    2021-8-27 · sensus report considering the most relevant advances in tacrolimus pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacogenetics (PG), pharmacodynamics, and immunologic biomarkers, with the aim to provide analytical and drug-exposure recommendations to assist TDM professionals and clinicians to individualize tacrolimus TDM and treatment. …

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  • Effects of biofuels vs. other new vehicle technologies on

    2009-1-1 · The use of biofuels, particularly ethanol, has expanded in the last few years based significantly on the premise that biofuels replacing fossil fuels may reduce global warming and air pollution problems. While this claim is still being debated, the real comparison should be between biofuels and other emerging technologies. It is found …

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  • The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2017 (HTML)

    2017-9-12 · The World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2017 (WNISR2017) provides a comprehensive overview of nuclear power plant data, including information on operation, production and construction. The WNISR assesses the status of new-build programs in current nuclear countries as well as in potential newcomer countries. The WNISR2017 …

    Get Price
  • LNG - What Is It

    2013-5-18 · Liquefied natural gas or LNG is natural gas (predominantly methane, CH4) that has been converted to liquid form for ease of storage or transport. Liquefied natural gas takes up about 1/600th the volume of natural gas in the gaseous state. It is odorless, colorless, non-toxic and non-corrosive. Hazards include flammability, freezing and …

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  • Exercices corriges PDF

    2018-12-24 · Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Natural gas is transported either by pipeline as a gas or by sea in its liquefied form as LNG. Natural gas comes from underground deposits as described in 1.2.1. Its composition varies according to where it is found but methane is by far the predominant constituent, ranging from 70 per cent to 99 per cent.

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  • Natural Gas Plant Operation

    2020-6-11 · 1. Design and Operations of Natural Gas Handling Facilities Course prepared for the training department of National Iranian Gas Company By Majid Abedinzadegan Abdi, Ph.D., P.Eng. Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN) 2 World Natural Gas Occurrence and Production - International Gas Statistics Natural gas is a major world …

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